Depression is more common than people may care to believe and, make no mistake, depression impacts any age or gender. "The most commonly diagnosed form of depression is Major Depressive Disorder. In 2015, around 16.1 million adults aged 18 years or older in the U.S. had experienced at least one major depressive episode in the last year, which represented 6.7 percent of all American adults. Depression is the leading cause of disability in the United States among people ages 15-44," according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America.
What are the common symptoms of depression?
If you experience four or more symptoms for two simultaneous weeks, then you need to speak with our Psychiatrist Austin Dr. Arvinder Walia today. Symptoms include:
- Increased anxiety
- Poor concentration
- Loss of energy
- Problems sleeping
- Loss of interest
- Feel helpless or hopeless
- Decreased self-worth
- Poor or increased appetite
- Avoiding people, even family or close friends
- Difficulty functioning at school or work
- Increased guilt
- Physical pain
- Decreased libido
- Thoughts of suicide or death
What types of depression is there?
- Mild depression: Symptoms are usually less intense, but people with mild depression experience negative impacts your life on a daily basis, like difficulty sleeping and/or having trouble concentrating.
- Major depression: Symptoms are intense but they vary from one person to another. People may only experience one episode of major depression, while others may experience several episodes throughout their life.
- Bipolar disorder: This is a mood disorder characterized by extreme highs, feeling intense happiness, with extreme lows, feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness or suicidal.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): Seasonal depression, also known as the winter blues, starts during the winter months and may last until spring.
- Postpartum depression: This usually impacts new mothers. They are anxious and overwhelmed after giving birth. In extreme cases, women may experience severe and debilitating depression after giving birth.
What are some treatment options?
According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, here are some treatment options:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Interpersonal therapy (IPT)
- Psychodynamic therapy
- Psychoeducation and support groups
- Brain stimulation therapies
- Complementary And Alternative Medicine (CAM)
If you have any questions or concerns about depression, you need to call your Austin, TX, psychiatrist today!